Review of Hume's a Treatise of Human Nature
A Treatise of HUMAN NATURE: Being an Attempt to expose the trial and error Method of Reasoning into Meaningful Subjects. London: Printed to get John-Noon, at the White Hart, near Mercer-Chapel, Cheapside, 1739. Vol. 2. Octavo. Internet pages 475-318.
I Do not recollect any kind of Writer in the English Language who has framed a System of human Nature, morally considered, upon the Rule of this Writer, which is that of Necessity, towards Liberty or perhaps Freedom. The reality of the Principle itself have been often and incredibly carefully reviewed. Some have got endeavoured to prove your Impossibility of Liberty, while some have declared it being an essential Property of being human, the Basis of all Morality, Religious beliefs and joy, which can subsist upon zero other Groundwork, and are utterly subverted by the Denial than it. To form the clearest Ideas we can possess upon this kind of abstruse Subject, we should read some Letters that handed thereupon between those tow acute Reasoners, Mr. Locke and Mister. Limborch, as well as the incomparable Dr . Clarke's Answers to several Components of Leibniz and Collins.
Our Writer has adequately (he says) explained the style of this Function of his in the Launch. Perhaps this individual expects we ought to understand this by the next Passages. It truly is evident, that the sciences have Relationship, greater or perhaps less, to human Nature; and this however extensive any of them might seem to run via it, that they still return back by 1 Passage yet another. Even Mathematicks, Natural Idea, and Normal Religion, are in 354 some assess dependent on technology of GENTLEMAN; since they sit under the Cognizance of Guys, and are judged of by their Powers and Faculties. It really is impossible to share what Alterations and Improvements we might produce in these Savoir, were we thoroughly accustomed to the Extent and Push of human being Understanding, and could explain the size of the Suggestions we use, and of the Operations we perform inside our Reasonings. And these advancements are the more to be expected them to be in organic Religion, since it is not quite happy with instructing us in the Nature of outstanding Powers yet carries its Views farther, to their Predisposition towards all of us and each of our Duties toward them, and therefore we yourself are not only the Beings that reason, although also one of the Objects regarding which we all reason.
If hence the Sciences of Mathematicks, Organic Philosophy, and Natural Religion, have such a Dependence on the Knowledge of Man, what may be anticipated in the other Sciences in whose Connexion with human Nature much more close and intimate? The only End of Logick is to explain the guidelines and Businesses of our thinking Faculty, as well as the Nature of our Ideas: Probe and Critique regard our Tastes and Sentiments; and Politicks consider Men while united in Society, and dependent on each other. In these 4 Sciences of Logick, Probe, Criticism and Politicks, is definitely comprehended almost every thing which can any way import us to become acquainted with. --
Right here then may be the only Expedient from which we are able to hope for Achievement in our philosophical Researches, to leave the tedious ongoing Method which we have hitherto followed; and in turn of acquiring no and then a Fort or Town on the Frontier, to mar directly to the main city or Center 355 of the Sciences, to human Nature by itself; which getting once Experts of we may every where else hope for a simple Victory. -- There is no Problem of Importance, in whose Decision is definitely not comprized in the Scientific research of Person; and there is non-e which can be determined with virtually any Certainty, before we become acquainted with that Science. In pretending therefore to explain the guidelines of human Nature, we essentially propose a compleat Approach to the Savoir, built on the Foundation practically entirely new, and the only 1 upon which they will stand with any Security.
And as the Science of Man is a only firm base for the other Savoir, so the only solid Foundation we are able to give to this kind of Science itself, must be laid on Experience and Remark. -- For it...