Outline and Evalute the Multi-Store Model of Memory

 Outline and Evalute the Multi-Store Model of Memory Article

Describe and Measure the Multi-Store Model of Memory (12 Marks) The Multi-Store Model explains how memory functions through three stages within a fixed, thready sequence. Details is first recognized from environmental stimuli and stored in the sensory memory as haptic, echoic or perhaps visual information. Only certain data can only be paid attention to, while the capacity and duration of the sensory recollection is very limited. This information is then passed on to the STM. Only six + -- 2 products can only become stored in the STM as the capacity is limited. The life long the initial memory is usually limited, thus information can easily be held in the STM for up to 18 seconds. The primary type of encoding for the STM is echoic and information can be transferred to the LTM through rehearsal. In the LTM, information is protected by meaning (semantically). Both capacity and duration of the LTM will be unlimited and so large amounts of items can be stored in the LTM for a long time. To remember data stored in the LTM, retrieval strategies are being used by the STM so information is moved back to the short-term memory for usage. + A report that helps the MSM is Sperling (1960). He investigated the existence of the sensory memory. He found that the image if an item washed out during simple exposure to albhabets, thus only five letters could be recalled by simply participants. Consequently , this facilitates the MSM and the existence of the sensory memory mainly because it shows that the duration and capacity from the store is very limited. + Another research that supports the MSM is Glanzer and Cunitz (1966) – The primacy and recency effect. The research shows that the first few words are much easier to recall as they had been rehearsed inside the STM and stored in the LTM. In addition, it showed which the last few words were were recalled as they stayed at in the STM. This facilitates the MSM as it shows that information could be stored for any limited amount of time in the STM and that in the event information is definitely rehearsed it passes through to the LTM. & In addition , the...