communicable diseases

 communicable disorders Essay

INFECTIOUS DISORDERS COMMON IN THE PHILIPPINES

REPORT ON TERMS

1 ) Epidemiology – science, study of patterns of disease for its control and reduction 2 . Habits of Disease Occurrence

a. Sporadic – occasional, sporadic

a. i actually. Meningococcemia

b. Endemic – continuous, constant in a given locality

n. i. Malaria, Dengue (in tropical countries), Filariasis

c. Epidemic – sudden increase in cases, short period of time c. i. Food poisoning (spaghetti), cholera, typhoid fever

c. ii. Layman's term = OUTBREAK

m. Pandemic – worldwide crisis

d. i actually. SARS, parrot flu, swine flu, HIV AIDS

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

BASIC terms

Disease caused by a great infectious agent which is obtained from a great infected specific, transferred to prone host either by immediate or roundabout contact, inoculation into cracked skin

TWO SORTS

1 . CONTAGIOUS – certainly not transmittable or perhaps transferrable to infected person and vice versa Dengue, Malaria, Tetanus, Filariasis

2 . TRANSMITTABLE – transmittable

DROPLET – source of contamination: respiratory droplet/ droplet nuclei Easiest copy

Within 3ft of the pt

Ex: Meningococcemia, Bird Flu virus

DIRECT GET IN TOUCH WITH – (person to person) Gonorrhea

INDIRECT CONTACT – funding of items (comb, glasses)

from SOF to a new sponsor with intermediary object (something that can hook up you to a great infected idv. ) – vehicle borne > non-living things (linens, instruments…) Vector borne > non-human life (mosquitos.. etc)

" All communicable disorders are contagious but the majority of and not each one is contagious. ” Break epidermis integrity

Inoculation > sharps/needles

HORIZONTAL TRANNY

It is in the horizontal location that the illness is transferred VERTICAL – from top to bottom

Ex girlfriend or boyfriend. Mother-to-child tranny, perinatal tranny, transplacental tranny Presence of living microorganism in the body w/c may not be transmitted thru common contact Hindi kelangan makahawa

EPIDEMIOLOGIC or perhaps ECOLOGIC TRIAD

AGENT

1 . INFECTIVITIY – enter and move into the tissues in the body 2 . INFECTIVE DOSAGE – the amount of agents to cause disease. 3. PATHOGENECITY – potential of organism to trigger disease

5. VIRULENCE – potency, impact on the cause of disease; the higher, a lot more severe a few. ANTIGENICITY – detect the presence of disease. Ability to stimulate body system response. ENVIRONMENT

Providing means and setting of the affected person and copie as method of spreading/ mode of indication. Moist environment

HOST

Predisposed or immune to...

Influenced by intrinsic or perhaps extrinsic attributes

INTRINSIC: Era, gender

EXTRINSIC: Influenced by habits or perhaps attitudes, diet plan or nutrition HOST > man, pet, susceptibility of the host/ level of resistance AFFECTED PERSON – infected w/ S& S

JAR – harbors the bacteria w/o S& S

SUSPECT – with medical hx and symptoms suggest

CONTACT – also comes in close association in contact or perhaps exposed to a great infected person Least method to obtain infxn: Patient, because he previously has S& S.

Agent – alone

Toxic item: endotoxin (inside; dead); exotoxin (outside; alive) Salmonella typhosa

typhoid

Plasmodium tetani

Contaminant it generates causes tetanus

RESERVIOR

Human, area, body system where pathogenic organism in found, dependent for your survival, multiplies 1 ) Human

Outspoken cases (lease dangerous)

Sub-clinically infected

Company (most dangerous)

2 . Family pets

3. Vegetation (abaca plant)

4. Ground

5. Fomites

PORTAL of EXIT

1 ) Respiratory Tract

Exhalation

Coughing

installment payments on your GIT

Nausea

Defecation

three or more. GU

Urinating

Sexual intercourse

4. Wounds

Boil

Scabies

your five. Mechanical Break free

I and D

Hook aspiration

Attacks or stings

MODE OF TRANSMISSION

1 . CONTACT

a. Direct

w. Indirect

c. Droplet

Within three or more feet

Much more than 5 microns

Diseases (Pneumonia, Meningitis, Influenza)

2 . AIRBORNE

More than a few feet

Below 5 microns

Diseases (SARS, TB, Measles, Chicken and Small pox)

3. AUTOMOBILES of INDICATION

Intermediary method of coming in speak to

Matters, chemicals, secretions, bloodstream, saliva,...