Advancements in Surgical Technology

 Advancements in Surgical Technology Essay

Sherri Nichols

June 2, 2012

Advanced Surgical Techniques

Improvements in Operative Technology: Pacemakers

Prepared to get Rebecca Hall

Since 1932, cardiac arrhythmias have been remedied by the use of pacemakers. According to the content, " The Evolution of Pacemakers”, " An unnatural pacemaker is a device that delivers a controlled, rhythmic electric stimulation to the cardiovascular muscle to be able to maintain a powerful cardiac tempo for very long periods of time” (Sandro A. P. Haddad, 2006). In the earliest phases, pacemakers had been quite ancient but developed to become far more practical in proportion, weight and mobility. There is certainly evidence that the raw electric current was applied externally to stimulate the heart since the mid-eighteenth century (Glen D. Nelson, 1993). Probably the most notable and effective early models from the 1920s and 1930s include a hand-crank equipment and equipment that essential the use of electric sockets. The unit required the " crashing of a hook into the ventricle” (Glen M. Nelson, 1993). These devices are not well-received by the public and seen as blasphemous. However , Doctor Paul Zoll developed an external pacemaker in the 1950s that was widely approved and prompted the manufacture and advancement more modern pacemakers (Glen G. Nelson, 1993). The institution of implantable pacemakers began in 1958. Notable doctors such as Ake Senning, Rune Elmqvist and W. M. Chardack along with Wilson Greatbatch, an engineer, were all a key component in improving pacemaking gadgets and making them portable by using batteries (Sandro A. G. Haddad, 2006). Although these kinds of pacemakers were a vast improvement on past models, additionally, they had a critical flaw. The first implantable pacemakers were asynchronous and had the potential to compete with the natural tempo of the center. According to the Relationship of Medical Technologists, these types of pacemakers are actually rarely employed because of the probability of cause ventricular fibrillation (Association of Surgical...

References: Association of Medical Technologists. (2008). Surgical Technology for the Surgical Technologist: A Positive Care Approach. Clifton Park, NEW YORK: Delmar Cengage Learning.

Glen D. Nelson, M. (1993, November 1). A Brief History of Cardiac Pacing. Texas Cardiovascular Institute Diary, pp. 12-18.

Sandro A. P. Haddad, R. G. (2006, May). The Development of Pacemakers.

Science 2 . 0. (2012, March 5). Cool Foreseeable future Tech: Cardiovascular system Pacemaker Run By The Heart Itself. Recovered June 2, 2012, via Science 2 . 0: http://www.science20.com/news_articles/cool_future_tech_heart_pacemaker_powered_heart_itself-87637

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